Numerous conditions may contribute to jaw osteoporosis, also known as jawbone resorption, which is the loss of the jawbone. However, treatments like bone grafting are available for bone loss.
So, here are a few common reasons:
When a tooth is missing or extracted, the jawbone no longer receives the stimulation it once did from the tooth roots. Therefore, over time, bone loss may result from this lack of stimulation. By providing some degree of stimulation to the jawbone, dental implants or dentures can help reduce bone loss.
If left untreated, severe periodontal (gum) disease can cause inflammation and infection in the tissues around the teeth. Moreover, this infection can potentially spread to the jawbone, resulting in bone loss.
Improperly fitted or adjusted dentures can put too much pressure on the jawbone, resulting in bone loss. In order to avoid this issue, it is critical to ensure that dentures are well-fitted and frequently adjusted.
Hormonal imbalances might contribute to jawbone resorption, especially in postmenopausal women. Moreover,estrogen is essential in bone density maintenance, and its drop during menopause can raise the risk of bone loss.
Medical Conditions and Medications
Certain medical conditions, such as osteoporosis and autoimmune diseases, might impact jaw bone health. In addition, certain medications, such as long-term corticosteroid use, may also contribute to bone loss in various body parts, including the jaw.
Additionally, it is crucial to remember that jawbone resorption can adversely affect oral health, such as tooth loss, difficulties speaking and chewing, and changes to the appearance of the face. See a dentist or oral surgeon for a proper diagnosis and treatment alternatives if you are worried about bone loss in your jaw.
How Can I Prevent Bone Loss?
Furthermore, here are some crucial steps you can take to help prevent bone loss in the jaw:
Keep a Healthy Diet
Eat a nutrient-rich diet with enough calcium, vitamin D, and other vital minerals to maintain bone health.
Avoid Smoking and Heavy Alcohol Use
Limit your alcohol intake and quit smoking, as these habits might hasten bone resorption.
What Is a Bone Grafting Procedure?
Bone grafting is a surgical treatment that includes transplanting bone tissue or bone-like material to where bone loss or insufficient bone volume has occurred. Dental professionals perform bone grafting to promote bone regeneration, facilitate bone healing, and provide structural support.
Surgery usually involves extracting a small piece of bone from another part of the body or utilizing synthetic bone graft materials. The dental professional then implants the graft in the afflicted area, which works as a scaffold for new bone cells to develop and integrate, boosting bone regeneration and strengthening the affected area.
Are There Alternatives to Bone Grafting?
In some cases, there are alternatives to bone grafting.
Some alternatives are:
This treatment extends the jawbone to make room for dental implants without requiring extra bone grafts.
Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP)
This protein can promote bone formation and replace traditional bone grafting.
Use of Alternative Implant Materials
Implant technology advancements have resulted in the development of implants that do not necessitate substantial bone grafting.