When teeth don’t come out all the way and stay inside the gums, they are “impacted teeth.” This could be because there isn’t enough room for the tooth, which could cause it to get stuck or grow in the wrong direction. Wisdom teeth are the third group of molars that grow at the back of your gums. They are the last teeth to come in. When a tooth doesn’t come in all the way, food, plaque, and other particles can get stuck in the soft tissue around it. This can cause inflammation and make the gums sensitive. Also, pericoronitis can cause bad breath when a tooth is stuck.
Tooth Impaction Causes
Impacted teeth stay in the gum tissue or bone longer than they should. Usually, this problem happens to too many people. In fact, you can have an impacted wisdom tooth if they shift or come in at an odd angle. You might get an impacted tooth because of your genes or because you didn’t get the right orthodontic care when you should have.
Know that any of your teeth can become impacted. Children can have trouble with how their permanent teeth erupt. This often happens if the baby teeth don’t fall out or if a cyst or other growth gets in the way of the permanent tooth. The tooth might come out in the wrong spot.
When a child’s tooth gets impacted, it can cause problems with the roots of other teeth. A child can end up with too many teeth or teeth in places that make it hard to chew. Impacted teeth can be very painful as well. Tooth impaction can also hurt your self-esteem because it makes your teeth look bad.
Most of the time, it is easier for orthodontists to fix problems in kids than in adults. That’s why dentists and orthodontists advise getting a regular dental check-up for your children in order to get the best dental treatment.
Signs of Teeth Impaction
Some people with impacted wisdom teeth never have any pain. This means they can’t tell when something is wrong. But tooth impaction may change how your teeth look because it affects the rest of your mouth.
Your dentist may be the first person to tell you if you have impacted teeth. They watch how the impacted teeth move to figure out how bad the problem is. They look for some of the following:
- Wisdom teeth that aren’t in the right place: This could make it easy for food to get stuck and bacteria to grow.
- If your wisdom teeth come in the wrong way, it may be harder for you to floss between your teeth.
- Wisdom teeth that are only partly out, these give bacteria a place to live and grow.
- When there isn’t enough room for wisdom teeth, it can cause problems with the teeth next to them.
- When a cyst forms, it can keep a tooth from breaking through the gum line. In the long run, this could hurt the bone that holds your teeth in place.
Treatment Options for Impacted Teeth
When the impacted tooth is in the front of the mouth, braces may be helpful to move the tooth into the right place so it can grow in the right way. You can get rid of any pain with pain relievers, or you can rinse your mouth with warm water and salt, or you can buy mouth rinses at the pharmacy to soothe the gums.
If you need surgery to remove a tooth, the surgeon will cut into the gum to get to the bone and tooth. They might be able to pull the whole tooth out at once, or they might have to do it in pieces. When there is an infection in the tooth, the surgeon or dentist prescribes antibiotics. Depending on what the dentist or oral surgeon thinks is best, the surgery will be with a local anesthetic, intravenous sedation, or a general anesthetic.